Following the assessment, the Therapist in collaboration with the patient establishes a suitable treatment method. We provide a person/child centred treatment model which means that the Therapist can implement an individual specific treatment method i.e. CBT or apply Integrative Therapy.
Eye Movement Desensitisation Reprocessing
EMDR is trauma focused therapy. In addition to its use for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, EMDR has been successfully used to treat;
- Anxiety, paranoia and/ panic attacks
- Sleep problems
- Complicated grief
- Pain relief/phantom limb pain
- Performance anxiety
EMDR utilises the natural healing ability of your body. The mind can often heal itself naturally, in the same way as the body does. Much of this natural coping mechanism occurs during sleep, particularly during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. EMDR processes disturbing experiences that remain frozen in your brain or are “unprocessed”. Such unprocessed memories and feelings can be viewed as traumatic.
Following a thorough assessment, we will ask you specific questions about a particular disturbing memory. Eye movements, similar to those during REM sleep, will be recreated simply by asking you to watch the Therapist’s finger moving backwards and forwards across your visual field. The eye movements will last for a short while and then stop. We will then ask you to report back on the experiences you have had during each of these sets of eye movements. Experiences during a session may include changes in thoughts, images and feelings.
With repeated sets of eye movements, the memory tends to change in such a way that it loses its painful intensity and simply becomes a neutral memory of an event in the past. Other associated memories may also heal at the same time. This linking of related memories can lead to a dramatic and rapid improvement in many aspects of your life.
Schema Therapy (ST)
ST is emotion focused therapy. At the core of ST is the idea that we all have certain ‘life themes’, patterns we live out that tend to develop in childhood then repeat themselves throughout our lives unless we become conscious of them and work to change them. These are known as ‘schemas’, or by their more colloquial name of ‘life traps’. In addition, Schema Therapy is now being used to work with couples, as a form of relationship therapy, helping each partner recognise their life traps and see how this causes clashes. ST is helpful for any issue that is ongoing and originating in childhood, such as:
- Anger management issues
- Low self-esteem
- Relationship problems
- Fear of intimacy
- Relationship therapy
- Borderline Personality Disorder
- Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Schema therapy was developed into a modality that sees clients understand why they behave in the ways that they do (psychodynamic/attachment), get in touch with their feelings and attain emotional relief (gestalt), and benefit from learning practical, active ways to make better choices for themselves in the future (cognitive). This means that your Therapist encourages you to have a secure ‘attachment’ with them – relying on them to be there for you no matter what you do, think, or say, just as a healthy parent would be there for a child no matter what the child’s behaviour. This can include things like emotional warmth, playfulness, and nurturing between you and your Therapist, but also things like firmness and confrontation.
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)
CBT is cognitive behavior focused therapy. CBT is a short-term, goal-oriented psychotherapy treatment that takes a hands-on, practical approach to problem-solving. Its goal is to change patterns of thinking or behavior that are behind people’s difficulties, and so change the way they feel. CBT works by changing people’s attitudes and their behavior by focusing on the thoughts, images, beliefs and attitudes that are held (a person’s cognitive processes) and how these processes relate to the way a person behaves, as a way of dealing with emotional problems. It is used to help treat a wide range of issues in a person’s life, from sleep difficulties or relationship problems, to drug and alcohol abuse or anxiety and depression. To name a few;
- Sleep Problems
- Relationship problems
- Eating Disorders
- Health Anxiety
- Depression and Anxiety in context of Cancer Diagnosis.
The advantages of cognitive behavioral therapy include the fact that it tends to be short, taking five to ten months for most emotional problems. Patient session vary from one to two sessions a week during which time the patient and Therapist work together to understand what the problems are and develop new strategies for tackling them. CBT introduces patients to a set of principles that they can apply whenever they need to, and which will last them a lifetime.
Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP)
DDP is attachment focused therapy. DDP is a form of psychotherapy which was originally developed as an intervention for children who had experienced emotional trauma as a result of chronic early maltreatment within the caregiving relationship. The primary goal of DDP is to support these children in developing the ability to maintain attachment-based relationships with parents and caregivers.
- Attachment difficulties
- Emotion disorders i.e. Challenging behaviours
- Developmental trauma
- Relationship therapy
DDP holds the parent-child relationship in high regard and uses this “dyad” as the platform for healing. During treatment, parents are taught a specialized, trauma-informed parenting approach while children learn emotional regulation and interpersonal relationship skills. DDP addresses both of these processes simultaneously in order to facilitate a trusting and secure relationship between parent and child.
Systemic and Family Therapy (SFT)
SFT is family focused therapy. Family therapy gives families the chance to express and explore their feelings in a safe, non-judgemental environment. Working alongside a therapist, families can discuss difficulties and differences within their relationships with an aim of improving communication and finding a way forward, together.
This approach looks to be inclusive and considerate of every member of the family, avoiding any sense of ‘ganging up’. It looks to recognise individual’s strengths and build on these within sessions and to work with members of the family in a collaborative way. Family therapists will invite engagement and be sensitive to the diverse nature of family relationships, forms, beliefs and cultures.
- Eating Disorders
- Child’s behavioural difficulties.
- Systemic/Family therapy is context of Cancer Diagnosis.
Often communication is at the very heart of relationship problems and family issues are no different. When parents’ divorce, siblings and parents can become estranged and often it is through miscommunication or different styles of communication that rifts start and last.
Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT)
SFBT is goal orientated therapy. SFBT places focus on a person’s present and future circumstances and goals rather than past experiences. In this goal-oriented therapy, the symptoms or issues bringing a person to therapy are typically not targeted. This form of therapy involves first developing a vision of one’s future and then determining how internal abilities can be enhanced in order to attain the desired outcome.
Miracle questions help people envision a future in which the problem is absent. In essence, this line of questioning allows people to explain how their lives would look different if the problem did not exist, which can help them identify small, practical steps they can take immediately towards change. Alongside the miracle question, the Therapist can use the SFBT Scaling System, 1 – 10. In SFTB, the person seeking treatment is considered the “expert” on their concerns, and the therapist encourages the individual to envision their solution, or what change would look like, and then outline the steps necessary to solve problems and achieve goals.
Sleep Therapy (ST)
ST is sleep hygiene focused. Most people have difficulty getting to sleep at some point in their lives, but this does not usually point to a serious mental illness. Difficulty sleeping can be caused by various factors including anxiety, stress and changes in life-style.
Sleep problems can result in a chronic inability to sleep normally. Sleep problems can include insomnia, sleep walking etc. It can be argued that there is a correlation between sleep problems and mental health issues i.e. people experience feelings of worry that lead to lack of sleep, which results in tiredness and subsequent difficulty coping with day to day life, resulting in low self-esteem taking you full circle to more worry and lack of sleep. ST can help tackle:
- Sleepwalking/ Sleep terrors
- Sleep paralysis
In the majority of cases sleep problems or insomnia are a symptom of another problem so you will then work with your Therapist to identify this and resolve it. There are lots of things that can influence our mental health, such as our upbringing, childhood environment, things that happen to us and even our temperament. If the assessment established that the other problem is your mood e.g. anxiety, depression etc., the Therapist will recommend that this issue is treated too.